Dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) is one of the most commonly implemented network services in today’s network environments. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network protocol that enables a server to automatically assign an IP address to a computer from a defined range of IP addresses. DHCP server is primarily used to automatically distribute critical IP configuration settings to network clients, eliminating the tedious and burdensome task of manually configuring hosts on TCP/IP-based networks. It also provides configuration information and interacts with other networking services such as domain name system (DNS), windows deployment services (Windows DS) and network access protection (NAP).
Without DHCP service, you have to individually configure each network client with the correct internet protocol settings, including the IP address, the network’s subnet mask, the default gateway, and the DNS server address. These settings are necessary for the network clients to communicate within and outside their network locations. You have to repeat this manual configuration process any time you bring a new device to the network or you move one to a different subnet.
Many organizations manage hundreds or thousands of network client devices, including smart phones, tablets, desktop computers, and laptops. The DHCP service helps to ensure that all network clients have correct configuration settings. Eliminating fat fingers and other human errors that may occur when we have to enter the information manually. Network configuration changes can be updated on the DHCP server without having to change the information directly on each client computer.
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How To Configure DHCP Server
There are essentially three steps needed to successfully setup a dhcp server.
Add the DHCP Role
Configure a new scope and scope options
Authorize the DHCP Server
And Ensure the computer has at least one static IP address assigned before starting the role installation.
Add the DHCP Role
Before we process First thing we need to do is add the DHCP Role to the server. To do this open Server Manager, select Add roles and features.
Now on next screen Select Role-based of featured-based installation and select Next. In the Server Selection Page, Your current server should already be selected, if not, select the server you want to work with under SERVER POOL then click Next. Now on the On the Select server roles page, select the DHCP Server check box.
In the Add Roles and Features Wizard, click Add Features, and then click Next. On the Select features page do not do any selection , click Next. also click next on On the DHCP Server page. “Now on the configuration and Installation selection progress page, wait until the Installation succeeds. this will take some time to complete.