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Windows 10 Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) Error – An Ultimate Guide 2018

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Have you ever experienced windows 10 Blue Screen of Death error while startup your PC? Windows frequently restart with different BSOD error, After recent windows 10 v1803 Upgrade or install new Hardware device/driver. Or while doing your normal work, working with heavy applications like ( Photoshop, 3D max, Autocad ) system suddenly Restart with a blue screen of death like “Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We’re just collecting some error info, and then we’ll restart for you.” And a general error code (HAL_INITIALIZATION_FAID, PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGE_AREA, CRITICAL_PROCESS_DIED or BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO, for example). Also you can Check windows 10 Different BSOD Error code list with solutions. Here we have complete solutions to deal with Different Windows 10 Blue Screen of death errors and tips To Avoid feature BSOD error on your windows10  PC.




A Blue Screen of Death is usually hardware or driver related problem, Mostly occur When Windows detects a malfunction in the system memory or drivers, it crashes itself and displays this BSOD error message. Which indicates that Windows has a serious issue which needs to be addressed immediately.

What is Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)?

The windows STOP error BSOD, better known as the Blue Screen of Death, is an error screen which appears when Microsoft Windows encounters a fatal system error from which it cannot recover. There is a system crash and the operating system attains a state where it can no longer operate safely.

This is generally the outcome of low-level software (or drivers) crashing or faulty hardware. Outdated, Incompatible Driver (especially the Display/graphics driver), Corrupted system files, Especially While windows 10 Upgrade process if device drivers, System files get corrupted, Driver conflict after installing new hardware,  damaged video card. Bad memory Module, Old BIOS etc Are some common reason behind most of windows 10 blue Screen errors.

How To Fix Windows 10 Blue Screen of Death Error

Sometimes after simple restart windows start normally( perform solutions below to avoid this error in the feature ), But for some others, the blue Screen occurs frequently at startup. That cause you need to Boot windows into safe mode. Where windows start with minimum system requirements and allow you to perform troubleshooting steps.




Disconnect non-essential hardware

First of all remove all external devices connected to your computer including secondary monitors, printers, phones, external hard drives and other USB devices (you only need your mouse, keyboard and main monitor) and try to start windows normally check If there is no more BSOD error Then one of your devices causing the issue. Find out the problematic device by attach them one by one and check the same with another computer.

Perform Startup repair (if unable to boot into safe mode)

If you are getting Blue screen error Frequently at startup and didn’t allow to start windows into safe mode also that cause first you need to perform startup repair which diagnostic and fix if any startup program causing the issue to windows start normally or Safe mode. So we recommend performing Startup repair first if windows fail to start into safe mode.

You need to access advanced options window where you will get the startup repair option. To do this Insert the installation media To your PC and Boot from it (  If you don’t have an installation media then create one following link.)

Access BIOS setup by press Del key. Now move to the boot tab and change the first boot your installation media ( CD/DVD or Removable Device ). Press F10 to save this will Restart windows press any key to boot from installation media.

First Set the language preference, click next and click on repair Computer option. On next screen, Select Troubleshoot ->  Advanced options and click on Startup repair.

Windows 10 Advanced Boot Options
Windows 10 Advanced Boot Options

This will analyze the various settings, configuration options, and system files Especially look for :

  1. Missing/corrupt/incompatible drivers
  2. Missing/corrupt system files
  3. Missing/corrupt boot configuration settings
  4. Corrupt registry settings
  5. Corrupt disk metadata (master boot record, partition table, or boot sector)
  6. Problematic update installation

After complete the repair process windows will Restart and start normally. If the repair process results startup repair couldn’t repair your PC or automatic repair couldn’t repair your PC

startup repair couldn’t repair your PC
startup repair couldn’t repair your PC

The click on Advanced options -> Troubleshoot -> Advanced options -> Startup Settings -> Click on Restart -> Then press F4 To access safe mode and F5 To access safe mode with networking. Now on safe mode perform below troubleshooting steps.

Revert Recent Changes

Now i am sure you are successfully login into windows 10 (safe mode/normal). First thing you have to do is If you’ve added new hardware or software to your system recently, remove them to see if the problem is fixed because they new installed programs or hardware could be incompatible with your operating system, or conflict with your original programs.

If you recently installed new software on your computer, try uninstalling it. Go to Start > type Control Panel > select the program(s) recently added > click Uninstall.

Disable Fast Startup Feature

A number of Windows users report on Microsoft forum / Reddit Disable Fast Startup Feature Fix Most of the blue Screen Error For them. Fast Startup ( hybrid Shutdown Feature ) Which Reduce the startup time and make windows start faster. But Some Times fast Startup feature Cause different Problems. So We recommend just disable The Fast startup Feature to prevent feature BSOD error on windows 10.

To Disable Fast Startup Feature open Control panel change, change View by to Large Icon and click on power options. Next click on Choose What the Power Buttons Do and click on Change Settings that are Currently Unavailable. Here uncheck Turn on Fast Startup option ( recommended ) to disable Fast Startup Feature.

Turn off Fast Startup on windows 10
Turn off Fast Startup on windows 10

Check for Virus/Malware infection

One of the causes of BSOD showing upon your Windows 10 PC is data corruption. Other than regular scenarios, the data on your computer might get corrupt due to some malware.

So, if you experience blue screen in Windows 10 more than what you can call usual, you should use best antivirus software to do a full scan of your system. Windows Defender, the default antivirus in Windows 10 can also be a good option to scan your system and repair blue screen.

Re-install / Rollback Device Drivers (especially display/Graphics driver)

An inaccurately installed or defected driver can lead to system crashes. Download the latest drivers from your PC manufacturer’s website and install them – this may solve BSODs caused by driver issues.

Also If you notice after a recent driver update the problem started then you can perform roll back driver option to revert current driver to the previous version.

Update driver

To update / reinstall device driver ( for ex Display /graphics driver ) open Device manager ( Press Windows + R, type devmgmt.msc and ok ). Then expend display adapter, right click on installed display driver right click and select update. follow on screen instructions to let windows search and install latest driver on your computer. ( if you are in safe mode you may be not connected to the internet, where windows unable to do download latest driver form update database ).

Search automatically for updated driver
Search automatically for updated driver
Reinstall Driver

That cause simply visit device manufacturer website on the different computer and download the latest available driver for your problematic PC. Now move to problematic PC open device manager expend display adapter, Right click on display driver and select uninstall. Click ok to confirm and restart windows. On next start install the latest driver you downloaded from the manufacturer website.

Uninstall Graphic Driver
Uninstall Graphic Driver
Roll Back driver

If you notice after recent driver upgrade the BSOD problem started. That cause simply start windows into safe mode, open device manager, Expand display adapter and double click on install. On properties move to driver tab, click on Roll back driver option and follow on-screen instructions. This will revert current driver to the previous version. Restart windows and check there is no more Blue Screen error at startup.

Roll back network Adapter driver
Roll back network Adapter driver

Repair Windows System Files (Run SFC Utility)

Windows have an SFC utility specially designed to scan and detect various problems caused by corrupted, missing system files. while running this tool if found any system file corruption the SFC utility restore and fix them for you. So We recommend to Run the System file checker utility to make sure corrupted, missing system files not causing Blue screen error on Windows 10 PC.

To Run, SFC utility open the command prompt as administrator. Type command sfc /scannow and hit the enter key to execute the command. The utility will start scanning for missing corrupted system files. If found any the SFC utility restore them from a special folder located on %WinDir%\System32\dllcache. Wait until 100% complete the scanning process after that restart windows.

Run System file Checker Tool
Run System file Checker Tool

Run DISM command

If SFC scan results windows resource protection found corrupt files but was unable to fix some of them.Then Run the DISM command, which repairs the system image and allow SFC to do its job. To do this type below command on administrative command prompt. wait for 100% complete the process and Again Run SFC / scannow command. Restart windows and check There is no more BSOD errors.




 

dism/online/cleanup-image/restorehealth
DISM restorehealth command
DISM restorehealth command

Check Disk Drive Errors (Using CHKDSK command)

A problematic HDD Drive like Bed Sector or Disk error may Cause Different Blue Screen Errors include DPC Watchdog Violation Blue Screen Error. We recommend running the CHKDSK command With add some extra parameter to force CHKDSK to fix the drive Errors.

To do this open command prompt as administrator, then type command CHKDSK C: /F /R /X and hit the enter key. Press Y key to schedule to run the chkdsk command on next start.

Check And Fix Disk Drive Errors with CHKDSK
Check And Fix Disk Drive Errors with CHKDSK

Here CHKDSK command for Check Disk Driver. C: Letter is your Windows Installed drive letter. /F parameter Fixes errors on the disk. /R Locates bad sectors and recovers readable information and /X Forces the volume to dismount first if necessary.

Now close command prompt and Restart windows this will start scanning and repairing process for Disk Drive Errors and problems. Wait until 100% complete the scanning process, after that windows restart itself and start normally.

Run blue screen Troubleshooter

If you are running the Creators Update or later, Microsoft has got you covered in case a Windows 10 BSOD occurs. You can fix the blue screen of the death using the built-in troubleshooter. Go to Settings > Update and security > Troubleshoot. Click on blue screen under find and fix other problems. Now Run The troubleshooter and follow on-screen instructions to let windows check and fix common BSOD problems which prevent windows start normally.

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Run Memory Diagnostic Tool

Windows have a memory Diagnostic Tool Which Checks Memory Errors. We recommend running the memory diagnostic Tool to make sure memory related problems not causing the Blue Screen Error.

Sometimes some antiviruses like AVG, Avast is responsible for BSOD error. We recommend to temporally, remove installed antivirus/Anti-malware application and check problem fixed.

To Avoid windows BSOD Error

Always Keep your windows updated and Make Sure your installed drivers are up to date. Also Turn off your computer properly. And Don’t force your PC to shut down.

Avoid installing pirated Software like Cracks, Activators, Nulled games etc. Always use the latest version of Intel management engine interface and keep it up to date.

Use disk defragment and disk cleanup regularly, you can use third-party software like Ccleaner to optimize windows and repair corrupted registry entries.

Also Read: Fix page fault in nonpaged area BSOD error

Fix inaccessible boot device windows 10 BSOD error

Fix critical process died windows 10 Blue Screen Error

3 Ways to fix your Dead Windows 10 Start Menu problems 2018

Fix Windows 10 Update Error 0x80070002 or 0x80070003

Fix NMI HARDWARE FAILURE Blue Screen Error on Windows 10

These are some most effective solutions to fix almost every Blue Screen of death Error (BSOD) on windows 10 computer. If it’s not some hardware related issue, Then I am sure you should be able to fix Windows 10 BSOD error using the methods and tips mentioned above. Otherwise, you’ll have to approach some store for the replacement hardware to get things done. Also, Read Tips and Tricks to Speed up Windows 10 Spring Creators update 2018.

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