While using our computers, we all have experience two or three situations where our computer automatically shut down without giving any warning. The reason behind every forced shutdown is different, sometimes it is a problem with hardware and sometimes just software want to give trouble. It’s alright to experience automatic shutdown once in a while, but when it becomes the frequent case, then you need to consider the matter seriously. It has seen that automatic shutdown wasn’t a major problem in Windows 7 or 8, but in Windows 10 automatic shutdown is a very common problem which almost every user has to face after upgrading the system.
Since the latest update of Windows 10, my computer decides to randomly shut down after every couple of minutes. First, the screen goes black, then the sounds stops and after quite a while the power also goes down.
- 1 Why does my computer turn off by itself windows 10?
- 2 Fix Automatically Shut Down/Restart Problem in Windows 10
Why does my computer turn off by itself windows 10?
An overheating power supply, due to a malfunctioning fan, can cause a computer to shut off unexpectedly. Continuing to use the faulty power supply can result in damage to the computer and should be replaced immediately. Again Driver compatibility issues, Out-of-date BIOS, Software Failures problems and Problematic OS also cause windows 10 shutting down automatically.
Fix Automatically Shut Down/Restart Problem in Windows 10
If you are going through the problem of automatic shutdown in your Windows 10 computer, then we have a list of some suggestions which might help you in fixing your problem in Windows.
Check power supply
First of all, check if any component getting heating. Check the power supply, it’s connected properly. Again if you are using Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) make sure the device in question is not the root of the evil: plug your computer directly into the power outlet and see if it works properly.
My personal experience: Recently come to a situation where my pc (Running Latest Windows 10 version 1903) suddenly restart frequency. Checked each and everything and at last end with the SMPS. A faulty power supply can also cause a computer shuts down by itself.
Battery problem is another major reason for the random shutdown of the laptop. This problem usually occurs after a long use age of laptops or excessive charging. If your laptop shuts down randomly, test your battery if it’s working well or not. If it isn’t, you really need to buy a new battery.
Monitor CPU Temperature
Sometimes, your CPU or GPU may overheat which can lead to automatic shutdowns. That’s because the motherboard is programmed to shut down the entire system to prevent the CPU from getting damaged. This way laptops can cool down for an adequate period and prevents the inner system from drastic damage. To check the temperature of your CPU, you can use third-party tools or can very carefully touch the backside of your laptop. If your laptop is under warranty, then take it to the supplier for replacement.
For desktop users If the fans stop working, the temperature will be higher than normal. So open the case and ensure the fans are running. If the fans are broken, you might need to replace it with a new one. Again Too much dust can cause computer overheating. So try to clean the computer especially the fans and the filter.
Check if RAM (Memory module) causing the issue
Most of the computers either stop working or just turn off randomly because of the RAM (random access memory) crashing problem. This problem generally occurs when your ram stops working or by the displacement of your ram. To resolve this problem, unplug your ram, clean it out (clean the RAM slot as well) and plug it again. Check if the problem is solved or not.
Updated to the latest Windows 10 version
Microsoft regularly releases security updates with the latest bug fixes include driver update. May the latest windows update have the bug fix for this windows 10 frequent restart issue. Or the latest driver update fixes the problem for you.
- Press Windows + I keyboard shortcut to open the settings app,
- Click on Update & security then Windows update
- Hit the check for updates button, let the windows updates download from the Microsoft server (if available)
- Restart windows to apply the changes and check if this helps.
Switch off Sleep Mode
Sleep mode is a very useful feature that preserves the energy of the laptop or computer that has been sitting idle for some time. But, with Windows 10, this feature becomes a problem. Some user has experienced automatic shut down instead of sleep mode activation. Hence, it is recommended to switch off sleep mode to prevent forced shutdowns.
Disable Fast Startup
With the latest version of Windows, Microsoft aims to fasten up things for their users and that’s why they introduced the fast startup feature. But, this feature is affecting the way you want to shut down your computer, then you should avoid it. This feature can be easily disabled from the power setting.
- Right-click Start and open Power Options.
- In Power Options settings window click on Additional power settings
- Then Choose what the powers buttons do option in the left panel.
- Click Change settings that are currently unavailable options.
- Under Shut down settings, remove the tick from Turn on fast startup (recommended).
- Click OK to save the changes.
Adjust Power Settings
Windows 10 has been facing lots of problems related to the power setting. So, it is good if you adjust some settings in the power department to make your automatic shutdown problem go away forever. You can change a few things in advanced power settings like change the value from 100 to 0 in ‘Minimum processor state and reduce the value until it shows Never. It goes both for ‘plugged in’ and ‘on battery’ for laptops.
- Open control panel, search for and select power options,
- Select your default power plan and click Change plan settings option.
- Open Change advanced power settings.
- Go to Processor power management.
- You should see that the Minimum processor state is set to 100. Change it to 0.
- Go to the Hard Disk and find Turn off hard disk after. Decrease the value until you see Never.
- Save the changes and close Settings.
The very next thing that you should do is check your drivers. In the earlier versions of Windows, they often caused BSODs to result in a shutdown. So, you should check your GPU drivers foremost. Most of the generic drivers that received through the Windows Update, but this is not the case for GPU drivers. If you are using dual GPU with the Intel integration and AMD graphic card, then make sure to update both. Next, you can look to update SSD firmware.
- Right-click Start and select Device Manager.
- Expand Display adapters right-click on your GPU Choose update driver
- Also, you can Uninstall the current GPU driver
- Click on yes if ask for confirmation, and restart windows
- Then access the official driver provider’s website and install the latest version of the driver.
- Once you finish the installation, restart your computer.
Check if Faulty HDD causing the issue
Another thing worth checking is your HDD. If your HDD is corrupted or it has damaged sectors, you’ll probably encounter a large variety of problems.
- Open Command prompt as administrator,
- In the command line type wmic diskdrive get status and press Enter to confirm.
- You’ll know your hard disk is healthy when prompted with ‘OK’ for every partition.
- On the other hand, if you are seeing ‘Unknown’, ‘Caution’, or ‘Bad’, your hard disk have some issues.
Run a Clean Test
Lastly, the best option that you have to protect your PC from shutting down would be running a clean test. However, if the hardware is the main culprit, then this solution will not work. To thoroughly clean your system, you should first backup all your files over the cloud storage or you can backup on spare DVDs. Once you are fully sure that all your important software and files are backed up, then you can run the process of cleaning your system.
These solutions are very common ones which you can try to fix the automatic shutdown problem on your Windows 10 computer. Still, the problem remains, Windows 10 restarts frequently? it is recommended to take your laptop to the service center to get it repaired.